講座：The Births of New Private-owned Enterprises in an Environment of State-owned Enterprises
題 目：The Births of New Private-owned Enterprises in an Environment of State-owned Enterprises
嘉 賓：趙 忠 教育部“長江學者”特聘教授 中國人民大學勞動人事學院
主持人：王 洋 助理教授 上海交通大學安泰經濟與管理學院
時 間：2021年 5 月 12 日（周三） 14:30-16:00
地 點：上海交通大學 徐匯校區安泰樓A511室
The impact of the incumbent state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on the births of new private-owned enterprises (POEs) in China is a central concern for the government. In this paper, we apply agglomeration theories to investigate the linkages between SOEs and POEs. Using China's 2008 economic census, the 2007 Input-Output Table and the 2005 population census, we measure the formation of new POEs at the city-industry level, and the agglomeration forces of distance proximity to inputs, outputs, and labor. More explicitly, we measure the extent to which local SOEs provide relevant inputs, consume outputs, employ similar workers, require similar inputs and produce similar outputs. Our findings indicate that overall, incumbent SOEs hinder the formation of new POEs. For manufacturing, the entry of new POEs is significantly lower in places where more downstream SOEs and more SOEs that employ similar workers are concentrated. For services, the entry of new POEs is significantly lower in places where more upstream and downstream SOEs are concentrated. However, the agglomeration effects from the incumbent POEs are either insignificant or significantly positive.
Zhong Zhao is a professor of "Chang Jiang Scholars Program", an associate dean of the School of Labor and Human Resources at Renmin University of China, an associate editor of the Journal of Population Economics, and a co-editor of China & World Economy. He holds a bachelor's degree in economics from the Renmin University of China and a doctorate degree in economics from the Johns Hopkins University. He is also a Professorial Fellow of UNU–MERIT and a research fellow of the IZA. His recent research topics include child development, inter-generational transmission, income inequality, population aging, technological progress.